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  Pakistan contains Pre-Cambrian to Recent rocks with different tectonic metallic and sedimentary basins. The Chagai-Raskoh magmatic arc and Indus Suture areas are the richest metallogenic zones in Pakistan. Pakistan has a high potential of minerals like indigenous iron, are being utilized and some are being exported but most of the commodities are waiting for their utilization.
Pakistan is endowed with extensive geological potential. The country possesses huge resources of mineral deposits such as copper, gold, lead, zinc, coal, industrial stones, quality gemstones, and rare metals
• Despite huge potential, the contribution of the mineral sector to Pakistan’s GDP is around 0.5 % and the country’s exports are only about 0.1%
• In the year 2017, Pakistan’s total mineral exports were 0.5 Billion USD
Non-availability of requisite finances deteriorated security environment, lack of required skills/infrastructure, deficiency of modern exploration techniques/equipment, corrupt system and preference of personal gains over national interest are the few reasons for not effectively utilizing the huge wealth of natural resources within Pakistan. As a significant part of the mining activities in Pakistan is an illegal and huge quantity of expensive minerals exported to other countries as raw material on minimal rates with no benefit to either the state or the people of Pakistan. This illegally exported raw material is subsequently processed in modern refineries in other countries to obtain expensive products.
This portrays deplorable situations and calls for prompt action at the national level. Therefore, there is a need to establish an organization which not only gets into the mineral sector to safeguard the national interests but also acts as an engine for the development and exploitation of the huge mineral potential of the country thus contributing towards National economy.

Establishment of MEDO

To direct and utilize the tremendous assets held with different associations towards mineral investigation and advancement, an organization named MEDO has been established in Headquarters Frontier Works Organization (HQ FWO). Provincial Corps / Frontier Corps (FC) will assist in the provision of security for the establishment and working of the organization.
Besides carrying out detail technical and financial feasibility, acquisition process for a particular project in the country, MEDO is interacting with provincial clients / Departments for the finalization of concession agreements in Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Azad Kashmir, and Gilgit Baltistan. MEDO will also lead the mineral exploration and support large scale mineral development infra-structure in Pakistan under the umbrella of. Therefore two separate SVPC’s have been raised by the name of Degan Exploration Works (Pvt) Ltd and Karakoram Exploration and Mining (Pvt) Ltd.


Presently MEDO is involved in following mining tasks:-
Identification of new mineral resources
• Adoption of the latest exploration and evaluation techniques for delineation of mineral depositsMEDO• Development of Mines on modern lines
• Development of latest processing and refining facilities
• Development for Research and Development facilities for mine exploration, development, and processing
• Establishment of high-tech mineral laboratories
• Arrangements of requisite funding from various sources
• Human resource development for the Mining sector through establishment/ adoption of training institutes
• Creation of Job opportunities and improvement of social conditions of the local communities

MEDO has been successfully convinced it’s clients/mining departments for agreements in various business ventures and obtained mining and exploration leases.
• To exploit the mineral resources of NWA, and MEDO obtained mining lease (ML) for Mohammad Khel Copper Mining Project (MKCMP) of 30 Sq Km area for 30 years. Open-pit mining is planned up to the depth of 1325m from MSL and installation of Copper beneficiation plant at the mouth of the mine is accomplished for 1500 MTPD.
• Granite lease in Nagarparkar District Tharparkar, Sindh for a period of 15 years by signing an agreement with M/s Kohinoor Marble Industries Pvt Ltd Karachi. Mining operation in for granite already commenced maximizing/ modernizing granite industry in Sindh vis-a-vis providing job opportunities / welfare for the poor people of Tharparkar.
• An EL (Exploration License) of 20 Sq Km area from Mines & Minerals Dept, GB. On 24 Jun 2019, Mines and Mineral Dept GB initiated a work order for exploration for a period of 3x years having an area of 20 sq Km at Chipurson Gojal, Dist Hunza.

 Muhammad Khel Copper Mining Project - Dry Test Run North Waziristan Distt


To direct and employ the huge resources held with FWO for mineral exploration and development on the national level, a Special Purpose wholly-owned Vehicle Company “Degan Exploration Works Pvt Ltd (DEW)” has been established as a subsidiary of FWO. Presently DEW is performing the following task:-

Identification of new mineral resources

• Muhammad Khel Copper Mining Project, NWA
• Nagarparkar Granite Mining Project, Sindh
• Chipurson, Gilgit Baltistan
• Social Business and Benefits to People of NWA
• Creation of jobs through social business development
• Construction of school, hospital and other infrastructure through mining projects
• Improvement of water supply
• Construction of Road Miranshah – Datta Khel
• Rd Mir Ali - Gariom – Dosali
• Rd Razmak – Pash Ziarat - Dre Nishtar

Nagarparkar Granite Mining Project, Sindh


Envisaged Mega Projects in NWA
• Operation and estb of Copper beneficiation plant
• Development of Smelting Plant
• Development of mine/mineral industry
• Establishment of Mineral Park